Solutions to severe weather conditions.
Some of the critical interventions that can go a long way in mitigating climate change are: one of the solutions is to promote good cultural practices to increase revenue. Farmers will only adopt such practices if they see a profit incentive. The practices include drip irrigation, crop rotation, reduced production cost, and increased gross margins. Moreover, there are also adaptive properties that allow farmers to reduce losses from extreme weather conditions.
The second factor to be considered is the implementation of adaptation methods that reduce loss risk from harsh climatic conditions. Using agronomic techniques and procedures can reduce losses from floods, droughts and other hazardous climate conditions. For drought conditions, this includes efficiency in water conservation, mulching and contouring to assist in retaining soil moisture. In conditions of heavy rains, on the other hand, it is proper to use raised bed and divert heavy downpours to reduce the magnitude of erosion that may occur. Farmers should also expand capacity in remote weather stations. Easy accessibility of remote weather stations and advanced technological tools will help improve pests and disease forecasting and management and higher precision climate change modelling.
Bioterrorism: A threat to Agriculture and Food supply.
This source is outlined by Lawrence J . Dyckam, Director of natural resources and Environment. It is outlined that when President created the Department of Homeland security, he included U.S. U.S. agriculture as a critical sector that needs protection. Bioterrorism can be directed to different targets. They include crops, livestock, food produce in the processing and distribution chain, wholes sale and retail facilities, storage facilities and research centres. Experts predict that terrorists will cause economic havoc if they intend to disrupt the food chain of a nation. About 14% is the U.S. gross domestic product, and 19% is domestic employment. Terrorists may decide to contaminate finished food produced if their motive is to harm humans.
There were reports found to behave gaps in the federal controls that protect agriculture and food supply. The United States will be weak to deliberate any attempts to undermine its agriculture industries. This will affect humans as a whole, as food is essential for survival. Government accountability office, for example, identified that border inspectors were not given guidance on foot and mouth disease preventive acts based on the 2001 European outbreak.
In my view, bioterrorism is quite a significant factor because the food sector is usually used to settle the political score and even wars between nations. An overview is that the current food sector has several features that make them vulnerable to attacks. This is because of the centralization of food processing industries.
This brings about infectious pathogens and chemical matter that is likely to be intentionally placed in the area of food supply and distribution channels to cause harm. However, it is essential to note that few cases of these hideous acts have been conducted due to the quick response and high vigilance of the federal unit of the U.S.A.. This is after the first incident of bioterrorism that occurred in 1984. It is with great concern that the U.S.U.S. should take new procedures and measures in combating the attempts to dislocate the food and agriculture sector, which is susceptible and will take a lot of time and resources to fix the issue in the case of a successful bioterrorism attack.
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