Impact of Climate Change on Developing Nations
Many often think of climate change and global warming as the same phenomena; however, global warming is a climate change aspect (Whit marsh, L.2009). Global warming occurs due to increased concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, resulting in increased global temperature.While speaking of climate change is the long-term changes in weather patterns and temperature driven by either natural occurrences or human activities (Lineman, M. & Joo, G, J 2015). From the 1800s, burning fossil fuels such as coal, gas, and oil became the primary compeller of climate change. Consequently, these activities generate the emission of greenhouse gases that turn into a blanket covering the earth trapping the solar heat hence raising temperatures.
As a result, the globe is experiencing climate change and global warming effects in different ways, primarily among people from the developing world. Despite being vulnerable to climate waves, the second world nations remain threatened by increasing climate change and global warming, such as the rise of sea level, protracted drought, and intrusion of salty waters hence increasing the number of “climate refugees” in the future. Several types of research unfold that every upturn in global warming matters. And it is relevant to mitigate the rising global temperature to less than 1.5 degrees so as to prevent severe climate change impact while maintaining a healthy climate (Wang, X., & Lang, X 2017). The current global climate patterns and global warming gets projected to hit almost 3.2 Celsius. Consequently, every individual will suffer the effects regardless of their contribution to emissions.
Developing nations are the most affected by climate change, and thus people have a responsibility to react quickly. Developing countries can deliver economic growth and improve and protect lives and the environment with various practical solutions. However, climate action calls for substantial financial inputs by both government and business plants. The requirement has stagnated in developing nations due to economic instability and governance in power (De Bandit, O., Jacolin, &Thibault, L2021). As a result, population growth gets affected, millions get pushed into poverty, and rapid urbanization remains aggravated.
According to reports from many scientists, organizations, and governments, global warming leads to hot temperatures due to increased concentration of greenhouse gases. The continuous intensity of extreme weather patterns like wildfires, drought, and hurricanes threaten peopleâ€™s lives in the developing world. Also, the report agrees that developing nations suffer food insecurity due to global warming since the situation jeopardizes food sources, causes the loss of some species, and increases health risks(Whit marsh, L.2009). Subsequently, the case proliferates conflict likelihood, poverty, and hunger within the regions. Therefore this paper is going to analyze the impact of climate change on food security within developing nations by addressing the relationship between climate change and global warming, the credibility of various projections, and challenges on food security, then look at the impact of governance on food security in developing nations.
There are different ways of thinking about global warming and climate change. One can say that global warming is a climate change symptom in reference to fever as a flu symptom. It is among the climate patterns that come about due to increased greenhouse emissions and consists of only a rise in the earth’s temperature. On the other hand, climate change comprises long-scale weather changes, including the warming and the impacts of warming, such as frequent drought and severe rainstorms(Wang, X., & Lang, X 2017).In modern days scientists and governments distinguish that global warming contributes to the existence of climate change. And global warming is brought about by human activities that emit carbon dioxide and other harmful gases. Again the researcher says climate change can mean changes caused by human or natural phenomena. However, regardless of using different terms to describe the sensations, we are still talking of the same significant phenomena.
Climate change holds a direct link to the rise of sea levels. The sea level rises in warm climates due to thermal expansion, snow, ice cap, and glacier melting, thus increasing water volume. Further, change in climate alters the drought patterns, prolonging them into severe phenomena. For example, the worsening of drought acrossthe U.S that began after the 2020 hurricane period brought about wild storms and wildfires, thus affecting the vulnerable community (Cohen-Shields 2021). The excessive heat draws out the earth’s moisture, thus worsening the drought. Correspondingly the temperature rise leads to loss of habitat. The extreme temperatures alter the access to water, vegetation, and food sources, thus making the ecosystem unbearable for some animal species hence animal migration and death to certain animal and plant species. Looking at how climate affects animals, plants, sea levels, and humans, it remains confident that productivity and economic growth around the globe will drastically decree, mainly in developing countries.
Undoubtedly, climate change negatively affects developing nations’ food production and agricultural produce. The rising temperatures, frequent drought, scarcity of water, and increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the airaffect the growth of staple foods across the globe. In recent years the production of wheat and corn have deteriorated because of extreme weather patterns, water crises, and plant diseases (Badolo, F., & Kinda, s.2014). Moreover, the rise of CO2 concentration remains associated with reduced nutrients such as iron, protein, and zinc in different staple foods. According to research done by Harvard, CO2 reduces 6-14% of protein levels in crops like wheat, potato, and rice (St Clair, S & Lynch, J.P 2010). Moreso, due to the water crisis, the availability of some crops gets reduced due to precipitation pattern changes and water shortage. As a result, the population in the developing nation faces a food supply shortage, and the available food is less nutritional, increasing health risks.
Government officials in developing nations mostly get accused of misusing public funds, including food security funds. The donors provide the cash to encourage food production and fertilizer to enhance the food system to support the vulnerable community while facilitating superior trade (Ekstrom, j 2020). Unfortunately, some governments like Yemen misuse flood relief funds. For instance, in 2018, the WFP demanded an instant end to humanitarian food relief diversion in Yemen after discovering the dubious operations in the capital by the Ansarullah movement (press 2018). Many citizens in developing nations claim not to receive the food ration they are entitled to. The government tends to ignore or cut out the entire food relief ration in some remote areas.
Based on this paper, it remains evident that in current times climate change has become a defining concern based on various noticeable lines in reference to human activities. The document elaborates on the impact of green gas concentration in the atmosphere. It states that the continuous emission of gas in the air hence making climate change occur. And that human activities cause the recent climate change. Furthermore, the shift in climate remains inevitable unless the concentration of greenhouse gases gets reduced. In the future, the estimated emissions will substantially exceed the existing ones. Unfortunately, the rise of severe climate patterns impacts natural ecosystems, infrastructures, and human activities.
Again, it is clear that climate change and global warming enhance threats to sustainable development. This climate effect seriously threatens the agricultural sector’s ability to feed the developing nation’s population. At the same time, climate change undermines the efforts towards hunger, poverty, and malnutrition eradication, thus drugging behind the economic development in developing nations. Moreover, developing countries should not look down on global warming due to the frequency of ocean warming, the melting of ice caps, and the high level of greenhouse emissions. Regional climate change impacts the environment because the natural ecosystem remains dependent on weather patterns.
It is certain that climate change primarily impacts the essential elements relevant to peopleâ€™s lives. The fundamental features include water, health, the production of food, as well a healthy atmosphere. Consequently, the productivity of the affected region decreases. Also, climate change in the future will affect weather events like drought and storms in a negative way. Consequently, the effect will broaden into inadequate water, crop damage, and increased diseases spread mainly by insect vectors.Thus, it remains reasonable to expect extreme events like hurricanes that lead to tremendous destruction. Hence the need to adopt practical interventions to mitigate the climate change challenge. However, no mitigation measures can prevent the climate change effect for the coming few decades. Undeniably the globe is experiencing the effects of climate change. Thus it remains relevant to address the short-term effects to avoid the situation becoming unbearable to adopt.
Badolo, F., & Kinda, S. (2014). Climatic variability and food security in developing countries. Etudes et Documents, (05).
Cohen-Shields, N. (2021). How Climate Change Is Worsening Drought. Environmental Defense Fund, April30.
De Bandt, O., Jacolin, L., & Thibault, L. (2021). Climate change in developing countries: global warming effects, transmission channels, and adaptation policies.
EkstrÃ¶m, J. (2020). Food as a Weapon in Yemen-The targeting of food security in a New War.
Lineman, M., Do, Y., Kim, J. Y., & Joo, G. J. (2015). Talking about climate change and global warming. PloS one, 10(9), e0138996.
WFP demands action after uncovering misuse of food relief intended for hungry people. (n.d.). ReliefWeb. https://reliefweb.int/report/yemen/wfp-demands-action-after-uncovering-misuse-food-relief-intended-hungry-people
Whitmarsh, L. (2009). What’s in a name? Commonalities and differences in public understanding of “climate change” and “global warming .”Public awareness of science, 18(4), 401-420.
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